The rebec is a small, pear-shaped bowed instrument, with a very rounded back or flat and monoxile construction, so body and neck are both carved and hollowed in a single piece of wood.
In spite of arriving Europe near the IX century, descendant from the moorish rubab and the bizantine lyra, it starts to be named from XIV century as rebec, together with rubeba, rebeu, rebeca o rebelle, amongst others.
Its soundboard could be made of wood, as well of skin, or its lower half in skin with the upper made of wood and extended as fingerboard. According to iconographic sources, this could be differenced and running at level with the soundboard, as well overlapping it in a tapered shape, that would tell us about an intention of searching for a higher string angle.
The rebec still got used in court music until XVI century, when it becomes the pochette, although still nowadays we can find it as a folk instrument in several european regions like Cantabria (rabel), Asturias (bandurria), Crete (lyra), Calabria (lira) or Bulgary (gadulka), amongst others.
Among the multiple representations of rebecs we can find in medieval iconography, there is an equally pear-shape but narrow box and more or less circular headstock, which is repeated in works on both sides of the Pyrenees between the 11th and 12th Centuries. This is the case of the Catalan book of psalms dated 1050 (preserved in the National Library of France), a capitel of the Cathedral of La Seu d'Urgell (early 12th century), or bas-reliefs of the Abbey of St. Pierre, in Moissac (France, 12th century).
I have designed this model of rebec trying to join these common characteristics in a manageable instrument but with great sound projection and penetrating timbre.
It has a monoxile body carved in European hardwoods with selected spruce top. It is finished with oil and strung with rectified gut. String length is 330 mm.
*Juniperus sabina is a protected specie in Spain: Wood for this instrument in the photograph was taken from rural building demolition material, and is near 50 years old.