Fiddle, vièle or gige are synonymous voices to a very characteristic instrument of the Middle Ages. Usually consisted of 3 to 5 strings, sometimes grouped by double courses, with an oval or eight-shaped body in origin, but adopting the soft recesses to improve the bowing technique, which would indicate the beginning of the use of curved bridges.
Left: Paolo de San Leocadio, 1480. San Miguel Church, Enguera, Spain.
ANTIQVVS Ensemble, Sefardi Song (S.XIII-XIV).
3-strings late-medieval fiddle
Based on italian paintings from the 1st half of the 15th Century. Flat top, 3 strings.
String length: 370 mm.