VIHUELA DE PÉÑOLA OR PLUCKED-VIHUELA
It’s name becomes confusing because several instruments from the same time and with similar features received very different names (mandole, bandore, pandure, vihuela de péñola or plucked vihuela…). It’s a long-necked lute that is carved in a single piece of wood with glued on fingerboard and sound top.
I’ve designed this instrument together with Efren López on paintings showed in Cantigas de Sta. María n. 130 and 140, by Alfonso X “The Wise”. In this case, the belly is made half in spruce, half in skin, like the rebec in Cantiga n. 170. It’s strung with 3 melodic double courses, and 10 sympathetic strings in bronze and steel that pass through the bridge in a lower level than the melodic ones, and run to the pins through the characteristic bows between the soundbox and the neck that can be seen in Cantiga n. 140. String length: 600 or 700 mm.