At the end of the XVI century, while the vihuela de mano slowly falls into oblivion, guitar becomes the new protagonist, now with an incorporated fifth course, and with a form described by Joan Carles Amat in his tractate “Guitarra española de 5 órdenes”, in 1596.
Its technique, based first in rasgueados to play with dances, also inherited the vihuela complex plucking, thus gaining versatility and acceptance in musical circles throughout Europe. Around 1650, it is attributed to the actor and musician Francesco Corbetta the dissemination of the instrument by the French court of Louis XIV, and from there it spread to the England of Charles II. Notable authors such as Gaspar Sanz, Santiago de Murcia, Jean-Baptiste Lully and Robert de Visée wrote pieces for guitar during the so-called Baroque period.
Italian 5+1-course guitar